Key Visual Emission_1440x420.jpg

The ICE as part of the solution

Zero Impact Emission vs. Affordability

Presenter: Dr. Christian Martin - Product Manager Gasoline Engine Powertrain Systems Passenger Car, AVL List GmbH
Language: English
October 5, 2020 10:00 AM CEST   22 mins
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description
Current discussion about the ideal powertrain technology mix of the future raise the general question whether the long-term existence of the internal combustion engine (ICE) is justified, especially in the context of a CO2 - neutral future and lowest pollutant emissions.

Solutions for the future must guarantee lowest emissions at affordable costs, in order to be sensibly accepted by the market in sufficient volumes without subsidy- and purchase-incentive-models. From today´s point of view, the ICE will remain an attractive part of the future powertrain technology mix, exploiting the synergies with the electrification within hybridized powertrains.

Actual prognosis shows that the ICE-based powertrain in 2030 will still being significantly more cost effective compared to a pure battery electric- or fuel cell powertrain, even considering possible scaling effects and required technologies to achieve lowest emissions. It is possible to achieve an emission level far below the current legal limits with technologies already available today. Further development can reduce cost of these measures.

Technically, for C-Segment upwards at least a 48V system (for example in P2 configuration) is essential for diesel as well as gasoline engines to enable a reasonable temperature management of the exhaust gas aftertreatment system in combination with an appropriate hybrid strategy (electric drive off/drive, electrically heated catalyst, …). In addition to a reduction of the fuel consumption and of the overall emissions, cold start emissions can be largely avoided. The respective potentials will be illustrated in the paper, based on results of concept-/demonstration-vehicles.

The development must clearly focus on an optimized balance between real benefits and respective efforts. Only then there is a chance to bring the powertrain technologies in high volumes to the market quickly and to improve the air quality already short- and mid-term.

Zero Impact Emission
date and duration
October 5, 2020 10:00 AM CEST
22 mins