For the driver, criteria such as range, driving experience, cabin comfort, etc. are decisive. As these features progress, the complexity of modern vehicles also increases. The logical consequence to keep up with the development of safe and optimally designed vehicles is the virtualisation of as many development steps as possible.
To consider all the mutual dependencies of the various vehicle attributes, a systemic development approach at the overall vehicle level should
be adopted right from the concept development stage.
This virtualisation requires detailed and real-time capable models that can be used as virtual twins. Only if they accurately represent the processes can the twins be optimally used for calibration and testing tasks in a model (MiL), software (SiL) and hardware-in-the-loop (HiL) environment.